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In southern Japan's Saga Prefecture, for instance, there are only about 16 fuel cell vehicles and the only hydrogen station, built in , sees only one customer per day, according to the Saga Shimbun newspaper. Fewer than 3, FCVs have been sold in Japan so far, according to Next Generation Vehicle Promotion Center, a Tokyo think tank, and cumulative sales are likely to be far short of the 40, goal for As for residential cells, cumulative sales only crossed the , threshold in July , according to BloombergNEF. The country will likely fail to meet its goals, but it isn't putting the brakes on hydrogen.

If anything, it's ramping up thanks to the private sector. Japan is also trying to increase domestic hydrogen production. It stood at an estimated tons in April , and by improving production technology and establishing regular hydrogen imports, the government wants to increase it to 4, tons in and , tons in , according to METI's Hydrogen Basic Strategy. Some projects are under way to boost output. The hydrogen will be used to power FCVs and factories in northern Japan and elsewhere. Tokyo Gov.


Yuriko Koike said it will also be used to run the athletes' village during the Games. In , NEDO said a project it launched with Kawasaki Heavy Industries and construction firm Obayashi achieved the world's first supply of heat and electricity in an urban area using hydrogen alone as fuel.

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The goal is long-term development of a new energy supply method for communities. There are many challenges such as cost reduction, improving technology for hydrogen production, storage, transport and utilization. Japan will take a leadership in this field based on our experience in promoting hydrogen. Also, we are going to collaborate with other countries to realize a hydrogen-based society.

The Prius maker has been researching fuel cell technology for more than 25 years, with its first concept FCV making its debut in a parade in Osaka in In recent years, Toyota has been boosting investment in hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, designing lower-cost, mass market passenger cars and SUVs and pushing the technology into buses and trucks to build economies of scale. By , Toyota aims to cut global average CO2 emissions from its new vehicles by at least 90 percent compared to In December , Toyota launched the world's first production FCV with the Mirai, a futuristic-looking sedan that has a range of kilometers per tank.

As of the end of , more than 7, units had been sold in about 16 countries, according to the automaker. It's now trying to shift to mass production ahead of the next-generation Mirai. Aside from hydrogen-powered semis and buses, Toyota has been expanding use of fuel cell forklifts at its Motomachi car plant in Toyota City and deploying them at the Port of Los Angeles. In , it announced moves to expand production of fuel cell stacks and hydrogen tanks ten-fold after , as well as plans to work with Seven-Eleven Japan to deploy small fuel cell delivery trucks. It hopes to sell more than 30, FCVs annually, but it sees FCVs as only one part of a mix including other forms of electric vehicles.

Hydrogen is easier to store and transport when compared to electricity, and because it is simple to convert from electricity, it can address the challenges usually attributed to the conversion, transmission and distribution of electricity. We think that the use and application of hydrogen as an energy source is what we should be doing, so we are making efforts to help spread the use of FCEVs. At the European level, the Hytrec project aims to develop the hydrogen pipeline network as an energy carrier across northern Europe, from Scotland to Denmark, Belgium and Germany.

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Where does hydrogen come from? To obtain hydrogen, two processes are possible: Converting natural gas or another fossil fuel : the inconvenience of this method is that it involves energy consumption. Natural gas being a source of energy itself, it is more cost-effective and less dangerous to use it directly to power car engines. Converting water by electrolysis : this process requires electrical energy.

The advantages of hydrogen 1.

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells - Renewable Energy World

No CO 2 or particulates If hydrogen were produced solely from renewable electricity , it would be the ideal fuel: unlike petrol, diesel and natural gas, its combustion with oxygen from the air produces only pure water, no CO 2 and no particulates whatsoever. Multiple uses Hydrogen contains three times more energy per kilogram than petrol and can be used in different ways, which is not the case for all other fuels: it can be mixed with natural gas and distributed in conventional gas lines; it can be burned directly in a suitable engine; it can be turned into electricity in a fuel cell.

A storage solution Hydrogen can be used to store excess electrical energy produced by renewable energy generation systems that depend on weather conditions: initially, surplus electricity is used to transform water into hydrogen; this hydrogen is then transformed back into water and reproduces the electricity that was used to create it. Watch a video explaining this process What can hydrogen be used for?

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Here are some more examples: in Germany, the world's first hydrogen train has been running in regular service since ; several manufacturers are working on the development of hydrogen-powered trucks ; public transport company De Lijn has commissioned five hydrogen buses in Antwerp; retail group Colruyt has 13 hydrogen-powered cars and 75 hydrogen-powered forklifts. The fuel cell: still expensive and not sufficiently profitable The classic combustion engine which equips petrol cars is not suitable for using hydrogen. However, fuel cells can be useful for heavier technologies such as the space industry.

Henry Ford, good roads, cheap gas

Limited range One kilogramme of hydrogen releases as much energy as three litres of petrol. Risks This high-pressure tank presents an additional risk if the vehicle is in a crash , especially as hydrogen is very volatile and highly inflammable. Few service stations To complete the picture, there are only a few hundred service stations in the world offering hydrogen of which one is in Zaventem and another in Hal.

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  7. In summary: an idea not to be overlooked! UTC Power. Accessed August 2, John Garbak. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program. Archived from the original on September 29, Transport for London. Archived from the original on May 13, Archived from the original on October 2, April Intelligent Energy. Honda Motor Co. Dezember Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies. April 3, November 1, Alternative Energy: News. October 22, Fuel Cells March 28, Frederik Pleitgen. February 22, Retrieved November 25, Wald , U.

    Fuel Cell Technology Program, U. Energy Environ. In: Energy and Environmental Science 8, , , doi : Department of Energy, updated September 18, For example modern gasoline hybrids of directly equivalent size and performance. At DOE figures for gasoline well to wheel are lower at As a result when comparing like for like modern alternatives, a typical gasoline hybrid such as the Toyota Prius that achieves between 50 and 56 mpg depending on model variant produces between A natural gas battery hybrid combustion engine car emits about the same amount of CO2 uses just as much natural gas as a battery hybrid hydrogen fuel cell car powered by natural gas derived hydrogen.

    Archived from the original PDF on November 30, The Electrochemical Society Interface , Winter , pp. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 March Alternative fuel vehicles. Compressed air car Compressed-air vehicle Tesla turbine.

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    Fuel cell vehicle Hydrogen economy Hydrogen vehicle Hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicle. Bi-fuel vehicle Flexible-fuel vehicle Hybrid vehicle Multifuel Plug-in hybrid. Who Killed the Electric Car? What Is the Electric Car? Revenge of the Electric Car. Wind-powered vehicle Zero-emissions vehicle. Authority control NDL : Categories : Fuel cell vehicles. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 maint: archived copy as title CS1 Portuguese-language sources pt Articles with dead external links from September Articles with a promotional tone from July All articles with a promotional tone Articles containing potentially dated statements from December All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles containing potentially dated statements from December Articles containing potentially dated statements from October Articles containing potentially dated statements from February All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles containing potentially dated statements from July Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.

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    By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell. Honda Clarity Fuel Cell. Notes: One kg of hydrogen has roughly the same energy content as one U. Honda FCX-V4. First fuel-cell vehicle to be approved for American roads by the Environmental Protection Agency and the California Air Resources Board , with subsequent leasing in California. Ford Focus FCV.

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    Initially planned to be leased across 50 states, [34] it was eventually only leased in California , Florida and Canada. Leased to businesses and government entities in Japan and California. Chevrolet Equinox FC. Leased in California and New York. Honda FCX Clarity. Leased in southern California. Toyota Mirai.